Everything About Directional Control Valves & Its Work

The most basic components of any fluid power system, Directional Control Valves. Today, we are going to discuss what purpose DCV serves, classification, and other things.

Directional control valves (DCVs) have one of the most important parts to play in hydraulic and pneumatic systems. DCV authorizes fluid flow (hydraulic oil, water, or air) into several paths from one or further sources. DCV will commonly contain a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically positioned. The position of the spool prohibits or sometimes allows flow, and further controls the fluid flow.

Classification of DCV (Directional Control Valves)

DCVs are not stuck in a single type. These valves have several other types, through which they serve the fluid flow of hydraulic oil, water, or air. Let’ see what other types it has to offer based on the fluid path:

  • Check Valve
  • Shuttle Valve
  • Spool Valve
  • Two-way Valve
  • Threeway Valve
  • Four-Way Valve

Check Valves

This type of Directional Control Valves permits fluid flow only in a single direction. For fluids to flow through the inlet, a tiny pressure is required to unlock the valve seat in a single direction. The valve clears when there is a flow through the inlet/basin. The figure for this one is a ball-type check valve.

Whenever the flow starts to run opposite to this direction the valve shuts. The coercion in the opposite direction thrusts the ball against the valve seat, hence closing the path.

Shuttle valve

The second is the shuttle valve, this allows the flow in two varied directions. When the pressure of the flow on one side improves the valve shuts the other corridor. The closing and opening ailment for both directions is exemplified in the above figure.

Shuttle valves are generally utilized where there are two pumps that are used in a means if one flunks to maintain the outlet pressure the other pump provides the flow as a backup.

Spool type valve

Spool-type valves are naturally used as they can be transported to two, three, or more routing fluid areas between the various inlet and outlet ports assortments. These are generally obtained for navigating control of actuators because an individual valve can only generate breadth, retraction, and neutrality. 

Now, there are three other variants of the spool-type valve, which include two-way, three-way, and Four-way valves:

Two-way Valves

Two-way valves are one of those spool valves with easy two positions ON/OFF valves. But it is actuated by actuators as in solenoid actuators, hydraulic actuators, etc.

There are generally sealed and normally opened two-way valves, outer actuation is required to do the role change of the valve actuator. A flow route is ascertained or shut down when the actuator is shifted. These valves are similarly called on-off valves.

Three-way valves

Three-way valves have three nodes and allow two positions of actuation in ON condition. A three-way valve mainly has two plug actuators, each plug regulates the flow in two unique ways. When one of the plugs shuts a node, the other one clears the other node.

This naturally closed valve counteracts the responsibility of the actuator closing both the nodes to secure the valve. Three-way directional valves are accessible for the directory, mechanical, pilot, solenoid actuation.

Four-way Valve

The last category of DCVs. The four-way valve or three-position valves which got three functioning positions for the actuators to regulate the flow direction.


This yuken directional control valve is normally utilized to govern cylinders and fluid motors in both ways hydraulically. These valves are accessible with the intention of actuation, manual, computerized, solenoid, pilot, and pneumatic. A four-way valve will be handed over with two or three directions. One should know the valve indicates only one tank port even though sometimes there maybe two as it is only uptight with the function.

Three-position, four-way DCV have various assortments of middle configurations. The civil varieties are the open center, closed center, floating center, and regenerative center with open & locked.

Common Things To Consider While Buying The Directional Control Valves? 

As you already know that Directional Control Valve hydraulic fluids only, there are still various facets that you have to consider while buying the right valve.

  • Dynamic Power Limits
  • Static Power Limits
  • Resistance To Flow
  • Switching Time
  • Leakage

These are the main things that have to be taken into contemplation to make sure that you can get a product that is sufficient for your necessities. If any of the above fails to maintain or checks for each of the points mentioned above, then it will be a problem. For easy usage out of the yuken directional control valve, make sure your valve contains all of the above aspects. All these points are significant characteristics that can make or break the functionality of the valve. If you truly want to maintain the absolute level of sustainability and efficiency of the valve, it is essential to get these facts tested. 

Here are a few important questions that are often asked by people to understand what kind of Directional Control Valve hydraulic are appropriate to use on a daily basis. Look at the questions & brief answers in the upcoming section.

Few Commonly Asked Questions on DCV:

The two main facets that you require to keep in mind for electing a directional-control valve are the number of fluid ports it has and the amount of the directional states, or positions that the valve can attain.
The goal of the Rexroth directional valve is that it has the ability to either restrict or authorize the flow of the fluid that establishes pressure. Relying on the classifications of the directional control valve utilized, the functionality will change nonetheless the purpose is similar, which wields the exertion of pressure.
The check valves are utilized to authorize the free flow of packed air in only one direction and it precludes the flow of condensed air on the contrary direction. Since cheblockves block the lapse flow, they are also recognized as Non-return valves.
A rapid exhaust valve is a conventional shuttle valve. The purpose of a sudden exhaust valve is to exhaust the cylinder air to the atmosphere promptly. It is utilized with a spring retrieval single acting cylinder to improve the piston velocity of the cylinders.
There are plenty of types of Rexroth directional control valve, but to choose the right one for controlling the flow. Look at the aspects below: Pneumatically-actuated globe valves Diaphragm valves Quarter-turn types such as the modified edition of ball and butterfly valves Gate valves Needle valves


This is everything you need to know about Directional Control Valves. The significance of DCV lies in its processes. It facilitates the flow of the fluid in the piston to protect the balance. Without its presence, there will not be a balance in disseminating the pressure so that the user can utilize it to its ultimate potential. DCV regulates the flow of the fluid in the piston to falsify the invention of pressure in the hydraulic cylinder to make the functionality more productive and steady. 

Directional Control Valves

Much Ado About Directional Control Valves And Its Functions

Without the help of DCV hydraulic directional control valves, it is impossible to get the hydraulic system getting functional. The DCV is what makes it operable. It is with the assistance of the DCV that the two considerably significant portions of the cylinder get charged because the DCV has the strength to authorize and resist the pressure that is needed to help move the piston as the pressure entering the piston assists in establishing an equilibrium in the flowing of the power that lets the user manipulate it according to their desire. 

How Does The Directional Control Valve Hydraulic Work? 

The directional control valve is one of the most crucial elements in the hydraulic cylinders. DCV helps in authorizing the flowing of the liquid to various places which however relies on the sources.  depending on the sources of the pressure from which it has been launched, it could be said that the source could be one or more. Directional control valve Rexroth is positioned inside the cylinder. 

This DCV is put to labor either electrically or mechanically. The decision of either to permit or prohibit the progression of the fluid relies on the DCV which is accumulated with the functionality of the piston. How much fluid is released is the factor that decides how much pressure will be applied by the piston.

Now it depends on the person who is applying the pressure as it could vary differently because their personal need may require a stimulant amount of pressure to be applied. One could have used more pressure, wherein someone else could have the need for a totally different amount of pressure. This is why one needs a hydraulic accumulator. 

This accumulator is the part that wields power. This part of the hydraulic piston improves the efficiency meanwhile furnishing towards creating a smoother, credible procedure to carry out any task. A piston is a depository appliance that carries the power electrically. The piston is set to operate with the help of the hydraulic force. This particular accumulator, which could have two types, vane or piston accumulator, shoves the piston up and down. 

This creates a tension In the hydraulic system that is provided by the  Hydraulic Pumping Unit. The pump and the piston are brought together with functionality with the help of the accumulator and the DCV. Both of the elements continue to work as the accumulator, with the help of the DCV and the fluid exerts pressure so that it can create a balanced projection of power that can be utilized to one’s will. 

The more pressure that is appointed in the piston with the help of the DCV and accumulator, the more weight it can uplift. 

The DCV is the crucial figure of this particular system as the flowing of the liquid relies solely on the functionality of the DCV. This is how the directional control valve functions. 

What Are The Classifications Of Directional Control Valves: 

There are a few types of directional control valves. Each valve has a different function that is made to serve the various purposes of the users. 

  • Check valve: This particular DCV helps in allowing the fluid to flow only in one direction. In order to function this valve, one only needs to create a small amount of pressure that will be let through the inlet system of the valve. Because this valve is one-directional, the flow from the different directions is blocked as the valve shuts down by pressing the ball in the valve. 
  • Shuttle valve: This is a two-directional valve which means fluid can be allowed to flow in both directions. If there is an increase in pressure on either side, the pressure travels down to the other side to balance it out. It has two pumps to maintain the balance and the flowing of the fluid to manipulate the pressure created in the valve. If one pump fails, other pumps will be there to manage the failure. 
  • Spool type valves: The Spool-type valves are generally utilized as they can be disseminated to two, three, or more ways with which the fluid can be sent to various locations using various inlet and outlet ports assortments. This various combination is used for steering as it controls the actuators. The valve has its own functionality as it maintains retraction, neutrality. However, it is differentiated between three other types too. 
    • Two-way valves: it has two positions and two switches. Yes and no switches. There are different types of actuators at work too. They are solenoid actuators, hydraulic actuators, etc. 
    • Three-way valves: like the name suggests, it has three nodes. It has two actuator plugs which maintain the flow of the fluid. One node opens to let the fluid in meanwhile the other closes to maintain the balance. 
    • Four-way valves: it has three positions that are used to function the actuators that help control the flow of the fluid. It is generally used in cylinders and fluid motors. 

What Are The Common Things That You Need To Consider While Buying The Directional Control Valve Yuken? 

The element is very important in the hydraulic cylinder and that is why there are various things that you have to consider to make sure that you have bought the right thing. 

  • The limit of the Dynamic Power
  • The limit of the Static Power
  • The amount of Resistance To Flow
  • The time of the Switching 
  • Leakage

All these points have to be taken into consideration to make sure that you get a performance that is suitable for your needs. If one maintains or checks for each of the points mentioned above then it will become easier to extract as much usage out of the valve as one can. All these points are important factors that can make or break the functionality of the valve. In order to maintain the maximum level of sustainability and the efficiency of the valve, it is important to get these facts checked. 


The two major factors that you need to keep in mind for selecting a directional-control valve are the number of fluid ports it has and the quantity of the directional states, or positions that the valve can achieve.
The purpose of the directional control valve lies in the fact that it has the power to either restrict or allow the flow of the fluid that creates pressure. Depending on the types of the directional control valve used, the functionality will change however the goal is the same, which manipulates the exertion of pressure.
1. Pneumatically-actuated globe valves 2. Diaphragm valves 3. Quarter-turn types such as the modified version of ball and butterfly valves.


The importance of DCV lies in its functions. It enables the flow of the fluid in the piston to maintain the balance. Without it, there will not be a balance in circulating the pressure so that the user can use it to its maximum potential. DCV controls the flow of the fluid in the piston to manipulate the creation of pressure in the hydraulic cylinder to make the functionality more efficient and smooth.