Piston Type Hydraulic Accumulator

The work of Piston Type Accumulators In Hydraulic Systems

Accumulators are commonly used for improving efficiency in pumps. They deliver steadier, sustainable operation, and largely preserve a massive amount of power in case of electrical fault. Accumulators are initiated in hydraulic systems to conserve energy and to control pulsations. 

The hydraulic Accumulators utilize a smaller pump whereas the piston-type accumulator stocks energy from the pump during times of low pressure. This energy is free for immediate use and numerous times greater than what could be procured by the pump alone.

Hydraulic Piston Accumulators

The Bladder Accumulators include a cylindrical body known as a barrel, appointed heads, and an inner piston. The piston may be fitted with a tail rod, which expands through one end of the cylinder, or it may not have a tail rod. In that case, it is discerned as a floating piston. 

Hydraulic accumulators are pumped into one end of the cylinder and the piston is forced towards the other end of the cylinder. It is executed against a captive charge of air or an inert gas such as nitrogen. Occasionally the amount of air charge is limited to the quantity within the accumulator, other infections may utilize detached air flasks that are funneled to the airside of the accumulator. 

In the piston-type accumulator, the energy in the consolidated gas plies puts pressure against the piston separating the gas and hydraulic liquid. The piston pumps impel the fluid, from the cylinder into the system, and to the location where useful work will be attained.

The accumulator contains a cylinder panel, a piston assembly, and two end-cap assemblies. The cylinder assembly compartments a piston assembly and incorporates expenditures for securing the end-cap assemblies. The accumulator involves a free-floating piston with fluid on one side of the piston and precharged air or nitrogen on the other side. A modification of liquid volume lessens the gas volume and exacerbates gas pressure, which provides a capacity when the liquid is authorized to discharge.

The Work of Standard Bladder Accumulator

Fluids are almost incompressible and can not stock pressure power compressibility of a gas is used in the Standard bladder accumulator for storing liquids. The bladder accumulators are ascertained on this principle, utilizing nitrogen as the compressible instrument. A bladder accumulator includes a fluid section and a gas item with the bladder behaving as the gas-proof divergence element. 

The fluid around the bladder is connected to the hydraulic circuit so that the accumulator brings out fluid when the coercion rises and the gas is thickened. The Standard bladder accumulator can be utilized in a wide variety of applications, some of which are named below:

  • Energy Storage
  • Emergency Undertaking
  • Force Stability
  • Leakage Compensation
  • Volume Allowance
  • Shock Absorption
  • Pulsation Damping

Numerous Types Of Accumulators:

Standard Bladder Accumulators are available in distinct variations. These are extremely important. Each of these types works otherwise towards energy consumption and temperature improvements. Hence, have a look at the following categories:


  1. Bladder Accumulators
    A bladder accumulator is one of the most used hydro-pneumatic accumulators. Many corporations supply bladder accumulators for huge and low-pressure applications.

    Samples of bladder accumulators

    • Low-pressure bladder accumulators
    • High-pressure bladder accumulators
    • Bladder accumulator spare parts

  2. Piston AccumulatorsAll of the Piston accumulators are much identical to a hydraulic cylinder without a rod. Also, Identical to other accumulators, a specific piston accumulator incorporates a fluid section and gas section, with the useful piston separating the two. An ordinary piston accumulator supplants high-pressure gas with a spring or bigwig to apply pressure to the piston.

    Piston accumulators are largely ratified for vast stored volumes (up to 100 gallons and can retain high flow rates). The pressure ratio is prohibited only by the diagram, but they are usually not submitted for shock applications. 

    They are often assembled for rugged, heavy-duty applications. However, they are more susceptible to the contamination that can damage the seals. The biggest piston accumulators are readily rebuilt by supplanting the piston seals.
    Samples of piston accumulators

    • Piston accumulator spare parts
    • Piston accumulator with position control
    • High-pressure piston accumulator

  3. Diaphragm Accumulators
    Diaphragm accumulators restrain very similar to bladder accumulators. The difference is that rather than a rubber bladder, this edition uses an elastic diaphragm to discriminate against the oil and gas volumes. Diaphragm accumulators are cheap, portable, and handy equipment that proposes small flow and volume, generally to around one gallon.

    A diaphragm accumulator can handle higher condensation likelihoods of up to 8 to 10:1 because the rubber barrier does not modify to the mathematical degree as a bladder. They moreover commemorate wider flexibility, and they’re tough to contaminate. Quickly responds to changes in pressures, developing them fitted for shock applications.

    Type of diaphragm accumulators

    • Welded type diaphragm accumulator
    • Threaded type diaphragm accumulator
    •  diaphragm accumulators

Why Do You Need Piston Accumulators?

You need a Piston accumulator because it enlarges an accumulator to a hydraulic system that transmits a number of advantages. The probability to use smaller pumps, meagerer installed power, immediate availability of energy, or less heat output, to label just a few. Manageable maintenance and installation of the hydraulic accumulator is another considerable reason. The preferable service life of accumulators safety blocks and vast storage life with no hardship and no lethargy because of the configuration of hydraulic accumulators.

Few Commonly Asked Question On Piston Type Accumulators:

Piston accumulators are effectively customizable and can deal with much bigger volumes, pressures, and higher temperatures than several bladder accumulators. Besides, a larger tolerance for the preliminary precharge setting authorizes for a higher fluid-to-gas ratio for specific applications.
Diaphragm accumulators are commonly utilized for pulsation dampening applications where minor accumulators are enough to get the duty accomplished. Also, diaphragm accumulators are commonly less expensive than other kinds of accumulators but are frequently not as customizable.
A piston accumulator contains a closed cylindrical body with a creamy and ID surface and with liquid or gas port at each end. A portable floating piston segregates the gas side of the accumulator from the fluid side or delivers a transfer boundary between two fluids. The piston accumulator is censured with dry nitrogen gas to set precharge coercion inferred by the applicable regulations. As the hydraulic system pressure rises, the piston shifts along the cylinder tube condensing the nitrogen, or in the opposite direction as system pressure subsides to normal and hence releasing fluid from the accumulator.
Each application has unique pre-charge provisions. Only proper tools can help evaluate the excellent accumulator precharge for your application. Contact the operator for further assistance.
Always use profound Accumulators, a regulator to slowly pre-charge the unit to 35 psi. This is the most significant part of the precharge method. Second, you may begin to charge your unit to the pressure compelled to regulate suitably.


This is pretty much everything about Piston Accumulators. It stores energy to augment pump flow, upgrade system response, and fulfill as a back-up during a power downfall. They also reimburse for leakage or thermal proliferation and lessen oscillation, pulsations, and concussion.  Hence, if you found this informative enough to fulfill your understanding of piston hydraulic accumulators, let us know your remarks.

Hydraulic Accumulators

A Thorough Study Of Hydraulic Accumulators

Hydraulic accumulators are a type of accumulator that has the power to strengthen the working capacity by delivering a smoother and more durable operation service. It mainly can be delivered because the accumulator has the capability to store power that can be used in times of emergency, for example, if an electrical failure ever happens, the power that is saved in the accumulator can be used. 

Bladder Accumulator And Other Types Of Accumulators

The accumulator comes in different types depending on the action it provides. Because of their own structure, they have different capabilities and fulfill the needs of the user accordingly. The accumulators are of three types. 

  • Bladder type hydraulic accumulator: A bladder accumulator is one of the most commonly employed hydro-pneumatic accumulators. This is generally made up of rubber and is fitted in a steel metal vessel. It is filled with nitrogen which makes it applicable.

The gas is adapted into the inlet-outlet valve that is mounted on top of the bladder accumulator. When the pressure plummets, the gas in a compressed form that is situated in the bladder broadens and shoves the stored fluid right towards the hydraulic circuit. 

This accumulator is distributed into the other two types of distributors based on the distribution of the pressure.  

  • Low-pressure bladder accumulators
  • High-pressure bladder accumulators
  • Piston type hydraulic accumulator: This particular piston accumulator uses the techniques used by a piston. They have the ability to regulate with a much higher gas-compression ratio.  The ratio is up to 10:1 and flow rates are higher too as it goes as high as 215 liters per second. 

It can be stated that the maximum pressure utilized by hydraulic fluid that is stocked in the piston accumulator is high along with the acceleration with which the hydraulic fluid is discharged towards the hydraulic system is higher too. 

But there is a negative side, in spite of having a higher velocity and the ability to create more pressure, the piston inside the accumulator can create inner friction which could cause an impact on the reaction speed negatively. 

  • Diaphragm accumulator: Diaphragm accumulators possess a rubber plate or diaphragm that works as a separating element in the accumulator. This particular element can either be combined together between two spherical compartments. 

The compartment that is placed above the diaphragm needs to be filled with nitrogen. The compartment that is placed below the diaphragm is directly attached to the hydraulic circuit. Diaphragm accumulators are smaller compared to two other types of hydraulic accumulators. 

The fluid storage capacities of this accumulator are 0.075 to 4 liters. So if someone is using a hydraulic cylinder with a small accumulator, this is the one. Depending on the structure of the compartment, it can be further divided into two types. 

  • Welded type diaphragm accumulator
  • Threaded type diaphragm accumulator

How Does The Parker Accumulator Function?

The accumulators are usually submitted in the hydraulic systems so that it can preserve energy. It does while maintaining the balance of the force and space so that the pulsation in the system is maintained. The hydraulic system can have any type of accumulator depending on the need of the user. However, there is a pump available in the hydraulic system that supplies energy whenever the need arises. 

The pump is mainly the vessel in which the energy is conserved. Whenever a power surge happens, the hydraulic system delivers them with power that was stored with the help of the accumulator by maintaining an even distribution meanwhile retaining maximum pressure and power from it.  The energy that is to be released from the pump needs to be used instantly, no matter the amount of power needed, it will be dropped by the accumulator. 

It not only has this feature but it also holds the ability to provide power at any time while maintaining the pulsation.  So in other words, the accumulators can be functioned as pulsation absorbers. There is an air dome that is placed in the accumulator which is utilized on the pulsating piston or rotary pumps. 

This particular piston pump is actually a hydraulic piston pump that is notable for storing high pressure. It is used in various places for maintaining the highest amount of velocity and the pressure released. It gives you the freedom to choose the fluid that will be used to create the pressure. There is a  positive displacement pump that stimulates into establishing a high amount of pressure. 

This positive displacement pump creates pressure and they do it by allocating the energy through the fluid that is used to create the tension in the vessel.  If the accumulator does not have a piston pump then there is a high chance that it has a hydraulic vane pump

The hydraulic vane pump has a rotor. This rotor is plugged into the cam. This has two side plates. These side plates are rather known as blades. These blades are fitted in a certain way to create allotted slots of the impeller. So when the rotor or the vanes start twirling, the fluid then enters into the pump taking the help of hydraulic pressure that is created.  

The pressure then shifts taking the help of the centrifugal force which makes its way to the vanes. Through the vanes, it moves towards the discharge port. Many tend to use this particular pump because of the characteristics of having a less noisy result compared to the piston pump. It also results in less pulsation.

Now the task is upon the accumulators to soften the hydraulic hammer as it reduces the shocks that are created in the whole procedure. The process is very noisy which creates many pulsations.  However, to help maintain the balance, the accumulator uses the directional control valve

Directional control valve which is rather known as DCVs is one of the most essential portions of both the hydraulic and the pneumatic systems. It is the DCV that stimulates the fluid flow. The fluid can be hydraulic oil, water, or air but it maintains the flow of the chosen fluid while marinating the balance to stimulate the right amount of power. 

The DCVs generally includes a spool that goes inside a cylinder that is put to activity either mechanically or electrically. The role of the spool is to either halt or approve the flow of the fluid. The DCV maintains the pressure by maintaining the amount of flow that is needed to be released. The accumulator, the piston, the pump, and the DCVs work together to make the hydraulic system functional. 

What Is The Purpose Of Hydraulic Accumulators?

The structure of the accumulators is made in a way that makes it one of the most used parts in the hydraulic system. There are various different purposes of the accumulators that make the task of producing the result very easy and effective. 

  • Stocking the energy: The main purpose of the accumulators is to store the energy. However, they only use 2% of the stored power in a time of need. A small amount of power will be condensed, the power will remain however the volume will reduce. That is why they release less pressure. 
  • Absorbing the pulse: The pumps, vane or piston, absorb the pulses. The pulses are what assures that the power is being delivered. 
  • Cushioning the shock: the power creates a shockwave in the system which further results in the creation of pressure in the system. The accumulator tries to buffer the shock by delivering the fluid in a small amount.

Some Most Asked Questions:

It tries to mitigate the excessive demand for power while managing the integrity of the system as it continues to cushion the harmful shock, absorb the pulse and stock energy.
It has been said that the bladder accumulator comes pre-charged to 80%, however, the piston accumulator should be below 100psi.
Mainly because of the lack of reactive characteristics nitrogen has with other elements present in the system.


Apart from all of these, this accumulator can discharge an excess amount of fluid. The accumulator continues to work together with other parts present in the system to make sure the efficiency of the task. An accumulator is needed in order to maintain the integrity of the hydraulic system meanwhile providing the system with power that they need in times of urgency.